Vienna Document Agreement

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With the development of the Ukrainian crisis and the fear of wider Russian military intervention, the fears of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna regarding confidence and security measures and the “open skies” treaty have been used to ensure some transparency in Russian military activities. In a recent interview, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Antonov denied that Russia had deployed thousands of troops near the Russian-Ukrainian border. Antonov noted that there are agreements on conventional arms control and that “these instruments can allow everyone to check, to know undeclared military activities… Trusting, arms control and non-proliferation of weapons are cornerstones of German foreign and security policy. The federal government is therefore in favour of the development and modernization of the Vienna document within the OSCE. These include areas such as strengthening rapid response capacity, enhancing the transparency of the armed forces and their activities, improving the revision of agreements reached and improving military contacts. [14] “Decision 1/10 on the establishment of a procedure for integrating relevant FSC decisions into the Vienna document” (FSC). DEC/1/10) With regard to the exchange of information under the Viennese document, aiAM of March 2010 negotiated that due to new technologies, capabilities and military structures that have not been taken into account, it is possible that changes to the document may be necessary. The Viennese document is a measure of confidence and security in which members of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) decorate inspections and data exchanges in order to increase the transparency of their conventional forces. With Russia`s suspension of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe in 2007 and the subsequent loss of transparency regarding conventional forces, politically binding procedures and related reports related to the document have become more important.

VD11 builds on previous agreements: the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, the 1986 Stockholm Conference document, the 1992 Helsinki document and the Vienna documents of 1990, 1992, 1994 and 1999. It is part of a network of agreements that intertwine, including the Conventional Arms Control Treaties in Europe (CFE) and the `open skies`, which constitute the current European framework for conventional arms control. Changes to the Vienna 1999 document: a decision of the Forum for Security Cooperation (FSC). DEC/1/10) has established a procedure for continuous updating of the Vienna document, under which decisions relating to updating the document are called Vienna Document Plus. [14] Every five years, the Viennese document is reissued with the changes made to “More.” This will not delay the entry into force of amendments that take effect immediately, unless it is expressly specified otherwise. The decisions of the Wiener Plus document will take over the decisions of the Viennese document in 1999, as they are the most recent. X. Regional Actions: Calls on participating states to conclude additional bilateral/regional agreements to complement VD99 actions. The Vienna document and the “open skies” treaty, developed in the last years of the Cold War as mechanisms for improving transparency between NATO and the Warsaw Pact, find new relevance in the current Ukrainian crisis. Although the benefits of the agreements have not been fully realized, the agreements have still provided useful information, given the lack of access to the Crimean peninsula and Russia`s inability to report military activities in an advanced manner.